Julian Assange

terça-feira, 7 de dezembro de 2010



Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
08STATE93970 2008-09-02 23:11 2010-12-06 17:05 CONFIDENTIAL Secretary of State


DE RUEHC #3970 2462336
O 022330Z SEP 08


Tuesday, 02 September 2008, 23:30
C O N F I D E N T I A L STATE 093970 


EO 12958 DECL: 09/02/2018 


Classified By: Classified by IO/DAS Gerald Anderson for reasons 1.4(b) and (d)
1. (U) This is an action message. Please see paragraph 3.

2. (C) Summary. Missions should be prepared to assist the U.S.
Delegation to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 
(IPCC) in its efforts to secure a positive outcome to elections
for working group co-chair positions at the IPCC Plenary being
held in Geneva, August 31-September 4. USDEL is working actively
to prevent the election of an Iranian scientist to the 
developing-nation co-chairmanship of Working Group Two, a position
which would pair him with a U.S. scientist running unopposed for
developed-nation co-chair of the same group. The focus of USG
efforts is to support an alternate candidacy for the position,
although the full slate of active candidates and their potential
for election will not be known until the later stages of the plenary
sessions. Curricula vitae of some of the leading candidates are at
paras 6-10. End Summary.

3. (C) Action Request. Missions should assign a Point-of-Contact
for this issue and provide phone and e-mail information to the US
Mission to the UN in Geneva. USUN should appoint its own POC and
relay contact information for all POCs to USDEL IPCC. In the event
that USDEL requires assistance in working with counterpart 
delegations (e.g., coming to a consensus on a single strong 
alternate candidate to support), USDEL may contact Mission POCs
directly, or via US Mission Geneva, to ask that Missions apprise
host governments of the situation, with a view to arranging for
instructions from capitals. Missions should do everything possible
to assist USDEL if they receive such a request. Until such a call
is received, however, Missions should take no action on this issue;
USDEL will be interacting directly with host-country expert 
delegations in Geneva, and premature contacts/demarches with host
country government officials in capitals, even to preview the 
background of the situation, could be highly counter-productive.
Point of Contact for USDEL is OES/EGC,s Donna Lee XXXXXXXXXXXX.

4. (C) Background. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
(IPCC) (http://www.ipcc.ch) is a highly influential body 
established by the World Meteological Organization (WMO) and
the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) to assess scientific
issues related to climate change. This year, the U.S. has nominated
Stanford Professor Christopher Field to the developed-country chair
of IPCC Working Group Two, which assesses the vulnerability of 
socio-economic and natural systems to climate change and the 
options for adaptation. His nomination is unopposed. Iran, however,
has nominated Dr. Mostafa Jafari to be the developing-country co-chair
of the same working group. Jafari is a highly-qualified scientist 
with research ties to the UK and Japan, but he is also a senior Iranian
government employee who has represented Iran in international
negotiations. Co-chair appointments are for a minimum of four years,
and require close collaboration and often travel to or extended
residencies in each others, countries. Having U.S. and Iranian
co-chairs would be problematic and potentially at odds with overall
U.S. policy towards Iran, and would significantly complicate the U.S.
commitment to funding the Working Group Two secretariat. U.S. 
withdrawal of its nominee, however, would effectively give Iran
a veto over future U.S. nominees in UN bodies. Moreover, having
a U.S. co-chair at the IPCC significantly bolsters U.S. interests
on climate change, a key foreign policy issue.

5. (C) Background continued. Prior to arrival in Geneva, USDEL
contacted IPCC Chairman Dr. Rajendra Pachauri (please protect),
who agreed to work on this issue to avoid the potential for
disruption to one the organization,s three core working groups
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX. Next, USDEL contacted the Austrian delegate serving
as EU representative on the nominating committee that manages
the election process, who showed an understanding of U.S. equities.
USDEL contacted the Malian and Argentinean delegations, who have
nominated highly-qualified co-chair candidates (see below), and
the German delegation, who have been interested in advancing the
Malian for co-chair of Working Group Three, for which Germany has
nominated an unopposed candidate as developed-country co-chair.
The Malians subsequently told USDEL that their candidate,
Dr. Yauba Sokona, prefers Working Group Two to Working Group Three.
Also prior to arrival in Geneva, USDEL contacted the UK and
Netherlands delegations, both of which we have worked closely
with in the past. Based on experience at prior IPCC plenaries,
events related to the Working Group elections will likely unfold
unpredictably and rapidly, necessitating a rapid and flexible USG response.

6. (SBU) CV of Iranian candidate:
Mostafa Jafari
Personal Information: DPoB: 1956, Tehran
Education: -- Post doctorate research in Plant Ecophysiology Methodology
in 1997 (Japan). -- Ph.D. in Plant Science (Ecology) in 1990 (UK).
-- Short course in Agricultural Economy in 1983 (Tehran). --
B.Sc. in Forest and Range graduated in 1978 (Iran). --
Diploma in 1974 (Tehran).

Membership in Professional Organizations: -- Japanese Forestry Society
-- The British Grassland Society -- The British Ecological Society
-- International Union of Forestry research Organization --
Asia-Pacific Association of Forestry Research Institutions --
New York Academy of Science -- The International Association for Ecology
Professional Responsibilities: -- Starting to work as chief of 
Agricultural committee in 1979 (Tehran). -- Member of Scientific
Staff since 1990. -- Lecturer in Universities (Ecophysiology,
Ecology, Range Rehabilitation, Plant Geography) and advisor of 
several postgraduate students in different universities. --
Head of High Council for Forest, Range and Soil in Forest and Range
Organization (highest technical body in FRO) 1990-1993 
(consideration and approval of more than 200 silviculture projects
with cooperation of council members). -- Director General of 
Studies and Coordinating Office in Forest and Range Organization
1991-1994. -- Head of Coordinating Council for Forest, Range and
Watershed Management, 1992 (nominated by Minister). -- Member of
Agricultural Commission of National Research Council of I.R. Iran,
1992-1995 and 1995-1998 (nominated by First Deputy of President).
-- Director (President) of Research Institute of Forest and
Rangelands, I.R. Iran, from 1992 to Nov. 1997. (with 600 staff
including 250 scientific researcher and 900 research projects,
publishing 200 books in this period) -- Full authority representative
of Minister and Member of Iranian National Sustainable Development
Committee, 1993-1998. -- Chief, Sustainable Development Committee
of Ministry, 1995-1998. -- Member of Expert and Academic Advisory 
Commission and Chief of Environmental Committee in Planning and
Budget Organization, 1997-1998. -- Chief, Expert Committee of
Forests and Rangelands (Agricultural Commission of National 
Research Council of I.R. Iran), 1997-1998. -- Advisor to the Minister,
1997-1998. -- Permanent Representative of I.R. Iran to FAO office,
Rome, June 1998- March 2003. -- Advisor to the Deputy Minister 
and Head of FRWO, and National Forest Focal Point, from March 2003.
to Oct. 2005 -- Head of TP Secretariat of Low Forest Cover Countries
(LFCCs, International Intergovernmental Organization), Since, March
2003. -- International Affair Advisor to the Deputy Minister and 
Head of IRIMO, and Director of First Vice President Office of WMO,
Since August 2004. http://www.weather.ir/farsi/about/IPCC/irani. 
asp -- Head of High Council for Forest, Range and Soil in Forest,
Range and Watershed management Organization (highest technical
body in FRWO) from Oct. 2005 to July 2006, (considering and 
approve of main Silvicultural project in FRWO with cooperation 
of council members). -- Scientific member of Research Institute 
of Forest and Rangelands,
Major Publications: Publication of 63 articles including five books
and two university textbooks, including: -- Jafari, M. (1997a),
The Present Status of Forestry Research in I.R. Iran, in Four 
Articles on Forests, Technical Publication No. 176-1997, Research
Institute of Forests and Rangelands, pp 121. -- Jafari, M. (1997b),
Present Status of Afforestation Research in I.R. Iran, in Four
Articles on Forests, Technical Publication No. 176-1997, Research
Institute of Forests and Rangelands, pp 121. -- Jafari, M. (2006),
An Overview On Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) with An 
Introduction to Monitoring and Evaluation, ISBN: 964-6931-80-4,
Pouneh Publisher, Tehran, Iran, pp 170. -- Jafari M. (2007a), 
Review on needfulness for plant ecophysiological study and 
investigation on climate change,s effects on forest, rangeland and
desert ecosystems, presented in Workshop: Climate Change in
South-Eastern European Countries: Causes, Impacts, Solutions,
26- 27 March 2007, Orangerie, Burggarten, Graz, Austria. --
Jafari M. (2007b), Climate Change and IPCC Assessments
(Abstract of Keynote Lecture of the Symposium), in The 
Final Report of ICCAP, The Research Project on the Impact
of Climate Changes on Agricultural Production System in 
Arid Areas, March 2007, ICCAP Publication 10-Japan, ISBN 
4902325-09-8, pp 315-317. -- Cruz, R.V., M. Jafari, et al, 2007:
Asia. Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability.
Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report 
of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, M.L. Parry, O.F.
Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden and C.E. Hanson, Eds.,
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 469-506. -- Falkenmark M.,
C. M. Finlayson and L. J. Gordon (Coordinating lead authors), 2007,
Agriculture, water, and ecosystems: avoiding the costs of going 
too far” Chapter 6, in book entitled “Water for Food, Water 
for Life” published by the International Water Management 
Institute (IWMI), UK. (M. Jafari, Reviewer of chapter six).
Research projects: Managing director of research project in
RIFR entitled: &Investigation on Climate Change Effects on 
Forest Ecosystems in Gilan and Mazandaran Provinces with Emphasize
of Wood Dendrology Studies8
Language knowledge: Persian, English (fluent); Italian, Arabic, French.
International negotiations: -- UNCED (Rio de Janeiro) Conference on
Climate Change http://unfccc.int/cop4/resource/docs/1998/sbi /inf02.
pdf http://unfccc.int/cop4/resource/docs/1998/sbi /inf02.htm -- 
Kyoto Protocol, Leading Author (LA) of Fourth Assessment Report 
of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (AR4 of IPCC WG II /
Chapter 10 Asia ) 2004-2007) http://www.gtp89.dial.pipex.com/10.pdf
-- Biological Diversity, Combat Desertification, Forestry 
negotiations, IPF, IFF, UNFF, http://www.iisd.ca/forestry/unff/unff3/
2june. html http://www.iisd.ca/download/pdf/sd/sdvol101nu m1e.pdf 
http://www.iisd.ca/forestry/unff/unff5/may17. html http://www.iisd.ca/
forestry/unff/unff5/may25. html -- 10th World Forestry Congress, Paris 
(vice president of WFC X, chairman of two technical working groups); 
-- 12th World Forestry Congress, Quebec (vice president of WFC XII,
chairman of two technical working groups and one open forum), http://
www.iisd.ca/sd/wfc12/sdvol10num8e.html -- Head of Intergovernmental 
Organization (IGO) of Tehran Process Secretariat for Low Forest Cover
Countries (TPS for LFCCs, International IGO) since 2003 (ftp:// ftp.fao.
org/docrep/fao/meeting/007/j2042E/j20 42E00.pdf)

7. (SBU) Biographic Summary of Malian candidate:
Youba Sokona Executive Secretary, Sahara and Sahel Observatory (OSS)

Dr. Youba Sokona has been Executive Secretary of the Sahara and Sahel
Observatory (OSS) since June 2004. OSS is an independent international
organization based in Tunisia, comprised of 22 African and European 
countries, regional and international organizations, and representatives
of civil society organizations. The Executive Secretary directs program
operations and implements the decisions taken by the Executive Board
and General Assembly.

Throughout his career, Dr Sokona has served in various advisory capacities
to African governments and organisations.  He has published several books
and articles on the issues of energy, environment and development with
a focus on Africa. Prior to his appointment to OSS he was:

Coordinator, Energy Programme, and Executive Secretary for International
Relations, Environement and Developpement du Tiers Monde (ENDA-TM), 
based in Dakar, Senegal (1982)2003); and
Professor, &Ecole Nationale d,Ingenieurs de Bamako8 (National Engineering 
School, Bamako, Mali).

Dr. Sokona has participated in many international events on climate 
change, desertification, and biodiversity. He is often invited by 
African governments and international organisations, such as the World
Bank, UNDP, UNEP, UNCCD, etc., to be a member of steering committees,
to conduct programme evaluations, to chair high-level sessions in
international conferences, and to contribute scientific and policy
He took part in the international negotiations and follow-up events to
the Rio process and the three UN environmental conventions on Climate
Change, Desertification, and Biodiversity.

Member, Technical Advisory Group of the joint UNDP/World Bank Energy 
Sector Management Assistant Program (present);
Board Member, International Institute for Environment and Development 
(present); and Board Member, Foundation for International Environmental
Law and Development (present).

University of Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris (PhD, Engineering and Earth
Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines de Paris
Ecole Nationale d,Ingenieurs de Bamako (Mali)
8. (SBU) CV of Argentinean candidate:
Vicente Ricardo Barros
A PhD in Meteorological Science, Dr. Barros is a Chief Researcher at the
Conicet and Climatology Professor at the University of Buenos Aires, 
School of Natural Sciences, where he heads the Masters program in
Environmental Science. He has written more than one hundred papers 
on climatic problems, half of which have been published in international
scientific magazines. He took part in drafting a chapter of the Third
Report of the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climatic Change in 2001.

1961-65 University of Buenos Aires (UBA): Licenciado in Meteorological 
1969-71 The University of Michigan: Master of Science in Meteorology:
1972-73 UBA: Doctor in Meteorological Sciences
Management Position:
Faculty of Sciences (UBA) Director of the Masters program in
Environmental Sciences (since 1999)
Scientific position:
National Council for Scientific and Technical Research (CONICET
) Senior scientist; and Department of Atmosphere and Ocean Sciences
(DAOS) of the UBAx
Teaching position:
University of Buenos Aires; Full Professor in Climatology (since 1987)
Past management positions:
1989-92 Member of the Directory of the National Commission of 
Environmental Policies
1991-92 National Report to the United Nations Conference on 
Sustainable Development and Environment, Rio de Janeiro 1992, 579 pp.
1991. Coordinator
1993-97 Director of the Department of Atmosphere and Ocean Sciences (UBA)
1994-02 Member of the Directive Council of the Faculty of Sciences (UBA)
1996-97 National Director of the Project: Greenhouse gasses emissions
inventory and Climate Change Studies on Vulnerability and Mitigation.
1997-98 President of the Commission of the Exact and non Biological 
Natural Sciences segment of the National plan on Science and Technology
1999 Technical Director of the Emission target study of greenhouse gases.
1999 Revision of the First National Communication to the United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change,
El Cambio Climtico Global 2004. Ed, Libros del Zorzal, Buenos Aires 
172 pp. Segunda edicion en 2006. Traducido al Checo y Publicado en 2006 
por Mlada Fronta con el titulo Globalni zmena klimatu
El Cambio Climtico en el Ro de la Plata. 2005. Eds. V. Barros, A. 
Menendez and G, Nagy. CIMA. Buenos Aires
El Cambio Climtico en la Cuenca del Plata. 2006. Eds. V. Barros, R. 
Clarke and P. Silva Dias. CIMA. Buenos Aires.
Climate Change and Adaptation, Eds, Neil Leary, James Adejuwon, 
Vicente Barros, Ian Burton and Rodel Lasco, Earthscan Publishers,
London 2007 Coordinator
Activities as an international expert:
1983 Project on basic information to develop wind energy in Uruguay. UNDP/WMO
1987 Planning of the wind energy use in Cuba. UNDP/WMO
1987-91 Project on wind energy in the Energy Department of Uruguay. UNDP/UNIDO
Activities in international organizations
1997-00 Member of the Atmospheric Observation Panel for Climate del
Global Climate Observing System. WMO-UNEP
1999-00 Contributing author to the chapter on Detection and attribution
of climate change of the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change
2001-03 Member of the panel on the Plata basin of VAMOS (CLIVAR)
Journal reviewer activities:
Acta Oceanografica (Argentina), Atmosfera (Mexico), Climate Research
(Germany), Geoacta (Argentina), Geofisica Internacional (Mexico),
Geophysical Research Letters (USA), Int. Journal of Climatology 
(United Kingdom), J. Climate (USA), J. Geophysical Research (USA),
Meteorologica (Argentina), Magazine of the Academy of Sciences 
(Brazil), Revista Geofisica (IPGH), Journal of Hydrometeotology 
(USA), Journal of Arid Environments (Holanda), REGA (Brasil-Argentina)
Publications In Refereed Journals:

Climate variability over subtropical South America and the South 
American Monsoon: A Review 2003: V. Barros, M. Doyle, M. Gonzalez,
I. Camilloni, R. Bejaran and R. Caffera. Meteorologica, 27, 34-58
Extreme discharge events in the Paran River and their climate forcing
2003:. I. Camilloni and V. Barros J. of Hydrology, 278, 94-106
Implications of a Dynamic Target of Greenhouse Gases Emission Reduction:
the Case of Argentina 2002. Environmental and Development Economics,
July 2002. Barros, V. and M. Conte Grand
Differences in the El Nio response over the Southern Hemisphere 2003. J.
Climate.17, 1741-1753. Vera C., Silvestri, V. Barros and A. Carril.

Impact of Global Change on the Coastal Areas of the Rio de la Plata.
AIACC Notes. Junio 2003.Vo 2, .9-12. Barros, V., Camilloni, I. and A.

La temperatura del Atlntico Sur y la diferencia de caudales del Rio 
Parana durante los eventos El Nio 1982-83 y 1997-98. 2004. Revista
Brasileira de Meteorologia I. Camilloni y V. Barros.

The major discharge events in the Paraguay River; Magnitudes, source
regions and climate forcings. J Hydrometeorology 2004 Vol 5, 1061-1070..
V. Barros, L Chamorro, G. Coronel and J. Baez
An Observed Trend in Central South American Precipitation 2004. J. Climate.
17: 4357-4367 B. Liebmann, Vera, C. Carvalho, L., Camilloni, I., Barros, V.,
Hoerling, M y Allured, D. A.

Observed trends in indices of daily temperature extremes in South America
1960-2000 2005. J. Climate, 18, 5011-5023. Vincent, L.A., T.C. Peterson,
V.R. Barros, et al

Trends in total and extreme South American precipitation 1960-2000 and 
links with sea surface temperature 2006. J. Climate, 19, 1490-1512. 
Haylock M. R., Barros V. R., et al

Seasonal-to-decadal predictability and prediction of South American climate
2006. J. Climate, 19, 5988)6004. P. Nobre, J. Marengo, I. F. A. Cavalcanti,
G. Obregon, V. Barros, I. Camilloni, N. Campos and A. G. Ferreira

How does Soil Moisture Influence the Early Stages of the South American 
Monsoon? 2008 J. Climate. 21. 185-213. E. Collini, E. Berbery, V. Barros 
and, M. Pyle.

Precipitation trends in southeastern South America: relationship with
ENSO phases and the low-level circulation. 2008. Theoretical and Appl.
Climatology. In press. V. Barros, M. Doyle and I. Camilloni.
Land use impact on the Uruguay River discharge 2008 Geophysical Research
Letters, Vol. 35, LXXXXX, Doi:10.1029/2008GL033707. Aceptado. R. Saurral,
V. Barros, and D. Lettenmaier

Proceedings of congresses, workshops and other scientific meetings:
Interanual variability of the South Atlantic High and rainfall in 
southeastern South America during summer months. I. Camilloni, M. Doyle
y V. Barros. CLIVAR. 2004

Climate change in the environmental agenda for Argentina V. Barros, H.
Carlino, and Daniel Perczyk. Second AIACC Regional Workshop for Latin
America and the Caribbean. Buenos Aires, 24-27 Agosto 2004.
Climate scenarios for the 21st century: influence on the discharges of
the Plata basin I. Camilloni, R. Saurral, R. Mezhe and V. Barros.
Fourth international workshop on development and management of dams 
in the Plata basin; Salto Grande, Noviembre 2005

Extreme Precipitations in Argentina, Trends and Climate Change. M. Re,
R. Saurral and V. Barros. Fourth International Workshop on Development
and Management of Dams in the Plata Basin; Salto Grande, November 2005.

Seasonal dependence of surface-atmosphere interactions for subtropical
South America. Collini, E. A.; Berbery, E. H.; Barros, V. . 8th
International Conference on Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and 
Oceanography. Abril 2006, Foz de Iguazu. Proceedings pag. 999.
Sea-level pressure patterns in South America and the adjacent oceans
in the IPCC AR4 models. Di Luca, A.; Camilloni, I.; Barros, V. 8th 
International Conference on Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and
Oceanography. Abril 2006, Foz de Iguazu. Proceedings pag. 235.
Precipitation trends in southeastern South America: relationship with
ENSO phases. Doyle, M.; Barros, V. 8th International Conference on
Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and Oceanography. Abril 2006, Foz de
Iguazu. Proceedings pag. 1513
Assessing long-term discharges of the Plata River Saurral, R.; Mezher,
R.; Barros, V. 8th International Conference on Southern Hemisphere
Meteorology and Oceanography. Abril 2006, Foz de Iguazu. Proceedings pag. 821.

Extreme precipitations in Argentina Re, M.; Saurral, R.; Barros, V.
8th International Conference on Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and
Oceanography. Abril 2006, Foz de Iguazu. Proceedings pag. 1575.
Other reports:

- Implementacion de modelos matematicos para el pronostico del tiempo. 
1972. SMN. Lichtenstein, E, C.Martinez, V. Barros, W. Vargas, H. Hordij
y H. Ciapessoni. - Coordinacion de la presentacion del proyecto de 
desarrollo del CENPAT al Banco interamericano de Desarrollo. CONICET 1978.
Barros, V. y J. Vercino

National policies:
- National Report to the United Nations Conference on Sustainable 
and Environment, Rio de Janeiro, 1992. 579 pp. 1991 (in Spanish). - 
Background Report for the First National Communication to the United
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1997 (in Spanish).

- Greenhouse gasses emissions inventory and Climate Change Studies
on Vulnerability and Mitigation. In Argentina, SECYT 1998, 5 volumes
(in Spanish). - Background report for the Revision of the First
National Communication to the UN Framework Convention on Climate 
Change, Secretary of Sustainable Development and Environment, 1999,
104 pp (in Spanish). - Inventory of Greenhouse gasses of the Argentine
Republic, year 1997. Secretary of Sustainable Development and Environment,
1999, 150 pp (in Spanish).

Since 1969, more than 100 conferences to scientific, diplomatic and
business communities and for the public. In 1991 and 1992, numerous
conferences about the Argentine Report to the Conference of United 
Nations on Environment and Sustainable Development of 1992. 

Similarly in 1997 and 1998 on climate change and the First Argentine
Communication to the Framework Convention on Climate Change and on its
revision in 1999.

9. (SBU) CV of Moroccan candidate:
Abdalah Mokssit

Head of the National Center on Climate and Meteorological Research 
(Direction Meteorologie Nationale), Casablanca. Civil Engineer in
Meteorology Specialization in Global Circulation Modelling

Areas of expertise: -- Numerical weather Prediction -- Climate
variability -- Climate Rediction -- Climate Change dtection and
Major Research Projects: -- Climatology: Dryness studies in Morocco
and the world. -- Climate Change: Co-Chair of the Expert Team on 
Climate Change Detection CLL/WMO. -- Climate application impact 
studies: Climate change and water resource management in Morocco 
-- Climate change and agriculture in the Tadla region of Morocco
Speaks and writes Arabic, French and English fluently
Major Publications: -- H C Upadhayaya and A. Mokssit: Adiabatic
on linear normal mode initialization for a grid point Global 
model; Processings of Indian Academy of Sciences, volume 100 Number 1,
Mars 1991; model. Proceedings of Indian Academy of Sciences volume
100 Number 1 Mars 1991; -- Mokssit et R. Gnaoui: realisation d’un
outil d’anlyse de Protocole Atlas 400; Mmoire de trvaux de fin
d’etudes realise chez Transpac, juin 1987; -- Mokssit: Outil pour 
la reussi te du Management par Projets; Memoire realise dans le cadre
du cycle superieur de management du ministre de l’equipement , juin 
1997; -- Mokssit et al: Le point sur la secheresse au Maroc; dition
du Ministere des travaux publics; 1996; -- Mokssit et al: La prevision
a longue echeance au Maroc; Workshop on Long Range Forecasting;
Nairobi 1998; -- Mokssit et al: Les changements Climatiques et 
Ressources en eau; etude realisee dans le cadre du projet Maghrebin
(RAB/ G94 finance par le PNUD) sur les changements climatiques;
-- Mokssit et al: Changements climatiques et ressources en eau dans
le bassin versant de l’OURGHA; -- Mokssit: la secheresse dans le 
climat Marocain; Atelier sur la prevention et la gestion des 
situations de scheresse dans les pays du Maghreb, Juin 1996;
-- Mokssit: Numerical Simulation of Devastating Meteorological
Situations; INM/WMO Symposium on Cycllones and Hasardous weather
in Mediterranean, Avril 1997; -- Mokssit; Development of priority
Climate Indices for Africa; paru dans regional Climate Studies/
Mediterranean Climate, February 2001; -- A. Dave Easterling,
A. Mokssit et AL: Workshop Report on Climate Change Indices; 
BAMS (Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society); -- 
Mokssit: Chapter 4 on Drought ( au niveau mondial), 7 eme 
revue de l’OMM sur le Climat Mondial; -- Mokssit: On climate 
change Extreme Indices; 7eme revue de  l’OMM sur le Climat
Mondial; -- F.Zwiers, H. Cattle, T.C. Peterson and A. Mokssit:
Detecting climate: WMO bulletin Volume 52, No 3, July 2003

10. (SBU) Biographic Summary of Maldivan candidate:

Amjad Abdulla
Amjad Abdulla is the Director General at the Ministry of
Environment, Energy and Water of Maldives and has been 
working in the Ministry since 1990 in various positions. He 
is the national focal point for the National Adaptation Programme
of Action for Climate Change. He is the lead negotiator from 
the Maldives to the United Nations Framework Convention on 
Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Mr. Abdulla was a member of National Commission for the 
Protection of the Environment (NCPE) from 2003 to 2006 and 
is also a member of a number of task forces and committees
appointed by the President to develop the strategic plans
and policies on environment and development. He has worked 
nationally and internationally as a freelance consultant on
various environmental projects. He has also coordinated and 
managed several donor assisted projects at the Ministry.

Mr. Abdulla is also author and contributing author to several 
reports of high national significance: Maldives National
Adaptation Programme of Action on Climate Change; First
National Communication of Maldives to UNFCCC; Third Environment 
Action Plan; National Sustainable Development Strategy. He has
also written and published several reports and research papers 
relating to environmental planning and the economic vulnerability 
of Small Island States. He is also has experience in planning 
and designing of several coastal developments, including, harbours,
jetties, breakwater and other shore protection measures for 
several islands in the Maldives.

Mr. Abdulla has the distinction of having represented the Maldives
at a number of international conferences including the negotiation
to review the implementation of the Programme of Action for the
Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and
the Mauritius International meeting in 2005. He has also
represented Maldives at the UNFCCC negotiations. Mr. Abdulla
was the Vice-Chair of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and 
Technological Advice (SBSTA) under UNFCCC from December 2004 
to December 2006 and chaired the 22nd and 23rd Session of the 
SBSTA. He is also a member of the Enforcement Branch of the Kyoto
compliance committee and an alternate member of the Adaptation Fund
Board under UNFCC. He is also the current chair of the LDC group
for climate negotiations under UNFCCC.

Mr. Abdulla possesses an honours degree in Civil Engineering from
the University of Brighton, UK and a MSc, in Environmental Science,
Policy and Planning from the University of Bath, UK. His professional
areas of interest include environmental economics, environmental
planning, sustainable development and climate change. 


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