Viewing cable 09BRASILIA1443, BRAZIL: RESPONSE TO TITLE III REQUEST
Every cable message consists of three parts:
- The top box shows each cables unique reference number, when and by whom it originally was sent, and what its initial classification was.
- The middle box contains the header information that is associated with the cable. It includes information about the receiver(s) as well as a general subject.
- The bottom box presents the body of the cable. The opening can contain a more specific subject, references to other cables (browse by origin to find them) or additional comment. This is followed by the main contents of the cable: a summary, a collection of specific topics and a comment section.
If you find meaningful or important information in a cable, please link directly to its unique reference number. Linking to a specific paragraph in the body of a cable is also possible by copying the appropriate link (to be found at theparagraph symbol). Please mark messages for social networking services like Twitter with the hash tags #cablegate and a hash containing the reference ID e.g. #09BRASILIA1443.
|09BRASILIA1443||2009-12-24 14:02||2011-01-18 00:12||CONFIDENTIAL||Embassy Brasilia|
VZCZCXYZ0005 RR RUEHWEB DE RUEHBR #1443/01 3581403 ZNY CCCCC ZZH R 241403Z DEC 09 FM AMEMBASSY BRASILIA TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 0218 INFO RUEHBR/AMEMBASSY BRASILIA RUEHRI/AMCONSUL RIO DE JANEIRO RUEHSO/AMCONSUL SAO PAULO
C O N F I D E N T I A L BRASILIA 001443 SIPDIS AMEMBASSY BRASILIA PASS TO AMCONSUL RECIFE E.O. 12958: DECL: 2019/12/24 TAGS: PREL ETRD ETTC BR CU SUBJECT: BRAZIL: RESPONSE TO TITLE III REQUEST REF: STATE 115416 CLASSIFIED BY: Lisa Kubiske, Charge d' Affaires, a.i., State, POL; REASON: 1.4(B), (D) ¶1. (C) Post responses to reftel questions follow: Question 1): Has the host country, in Post's opinion, worked to promote the advancement of democracy and human rights in Cuba? Post Response to Question 1): Yes, while Brazil has refrained from raising these issues publicly, high level Brazilian officials, including Foreign Minister Celso Amorim and Foreign Affairs Advisor to the President Marco Aurelio Garcia in conversations with U.S. officials have stated that Brazil engages the Cuban government on human rights and democracy behind closed doors. The Brazilian government position is that it will have more influence on Cuba by maintaining good relations with its government. Question 2): Have there been any high-level diplomatic visits between Cuba and host country in the last six months? Post Response to Question 2): The Brazilian government regularly emphasizes to Post officials that it has a strong and important relationship with the Cuban government, and high-level diplomatic visits are common. The past six months have seen reciprocal visits by the Brazilian and Cuban officials, however, no high-level Brazilian visitors have recently traveled to Cuba. In the past, both Brazilian President Luis Inacio Lula da Silva and Foreign Minister Celso Amorim have visited Cuba. Question 3): What is the nature of investment (and names, if known) that host country businesses have in Cuba? Post Response to Question 3): There are a number of Brazilian companies doing business in Cuba, including tour bus manufacturer Busscar (Transbus Industria S.A. in Cuba) and cigarette manufacturer Souza Cruz (a Brazil-based subsidiary of British American Tobacco Company in a joint venture with the Cuban government). In March 2009, the Brazilian Trade and Investment Promotion Agency (Apex) facilitated the participation of 24 Brazilian companies in the International Fair of Havana, Cuba's principal commercial event. The Brazilian companies came from the food, construction, cleaning materials, equipment and machinery, technology, and health sectors. According to news reports, participation in the same fair in 2007 resulted in immediate transactions for Brazilian participants of USD 6.7 million, with expected future earnings of USD 33 million. GOB Ministry of Development, Industry and Trade figures indicate that in up to November 2009 Cuba exported approximately USD 42 million of goods to Brazil - compared to approximately USD 45 million in all of 2008.. The top three goods exported from Cuba to Brazil were extracts from glands and organs (accounting for approximately 64% of total trade), Portland cement (26%), and other blood products (5%). In the first eleven months of 2008, Brazil exported to Cuba goods valued at approximately USD 256 million - a sharp decrease from the 2008 export value of USD 527 million. The top three goods exported from Brazil to Cuba were bagasse and other solid residue from the processing of soybean oil (accounting for 20% of total trade), edible chicken organs (10%), and other meat sausages and organs (7.7%). Question 4): Are there any bilateral trade agreements between host country and Cuba? Post Response to Question 4): Yes. The Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs lists the following trade-related agreements with Cuba: a 1989 Commercial Agreement, a 2003 Terms of Cooperation in the Area of Micro and Small Businesses, and a 2003 Memorandum of Understanding for the Promotion of Industrial Development. Cuba entered into a regional preference tariff agreement with Brazil and the other Mercosul countries in 1999 through the Latin American Association of Integration. In 2006 Mercosul and Cuba agreed on an accord to liberalize trade by reducing import tariffs, but this agreement has yet to be ratified and has not entered into force. Question 5): Are there any exchange programs between host country and Cuba, including but not limited to: scholarships for host country nationals to study in Cuba; Cuban-paid medical travel for host country nationals; and Cuban doctors working in host country? Post Response to Question 5): Yes, exchanges are common, particularly among students. There are no exchanges of Cuban doctors. KUBISKE