Julian Assange

sexta-feira, 3 de dezembro de 2010



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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
10PARIS170 2010-02-12 13:01 2010-11-28 18:06 SECRET//NOFORN Embassy Paris
DE RUEHFR #0170/01 0431349
R 121349Z FEB 10 ZDK
S E C R E T SECTION 01 OF 04 PARIS 000170 
E.O. 12598  DECL: 02/12/20 
PARIS 00000170  001.2 OF 004 
Classified By: Alexander Vershbow, ASD/ISA. Reasons 1.4 (b/d). 
Ref: USNATO 56 
1. (S/NF) SUMMARY:  Secretary of Defense Robert Gates (SecDef) was 
hosted by French Minister of Defense Herve Morin for a working lunch 
during an official bilateral visit to Paris on February 8, 2010. 
SecDef and Morin agreed on the basic themes to be included in NATO's 
revised Strategic Concept.  On Missile Defense, SecDef refuted Morin's 
contention that a European Missile Defense system is both unwise and 
unnecessary but pledged to give France and other Allies better 
information on the costs and command and control structure of the U.S. 
proposal.  Both Morin and Gates agreed that Iran's rejection of an 
engagement track meant that the time for pressure had arrived, but both 
noted concern over China's opposition to a new UN Security Council 
Resolution (UNSCR).  On Afghanistan, SecDef praised French 
contributions and highlighted ongoing trainer shortfalls.  SecDef 
raised U.S. concerns over the sale of a Mistral-class helicopter 
carrier to Russia as sending a mixed signal to both Russia and our 
Central and East European Allies.  Morin refuted this idea, arguing 
that the sale was a way to send a message of partnership to Russia at a 
critical time.  Morin requested that the upcoming U.S. Air Force 
Request for Proposal (RFP) for a new in-flight refueling tanker 
aircraft be unbiased.  SecDef told Morin that he had full confidence 
that the RFP would be as fair as possible.   END SUMMARY. 
NATO Strategic Concept 
2. (S/NF) Morin welcomed SecDef to France and asked about U.S positions 
regarding the revised NATO Strategic Concept.  Morin noted France's 
interest in a document that would inject new ideas, be adopted with 
great momentum, and define NATO's roles and missions. It should not 
just be a restatement of the conventional wisdom. 
3. (S/NF) SecDef told Morin he favored a short document that was 
perhaps three to five pages in length.  The Strategic Concept should 
move NATO from a traditional defensive alliance to a security alliance 
that can address a wide range of global threats.  SecDef said that the 
Strategic Concept must better align resources with NATO's level of 
ambition; it must lay out a comprehensive approach to civil-military 
cooperation and enhance partnerships with the EU, UN and other 
international organizations.  SecDef concluded that, above all, 
financial and broader structural reform must be pursued -- either as 
part of the Strategic Concept or in parallel. 
4. (S/NF) Morin agreed on length and the need for NATO to take on new 
missions, but he wondered what types of missions members had in mind. 
Cyber attacks?  Terrorism?  Proliferation?  Missile Defense?  Morin 
also stated his belief that NATO needed to bring some clarity to its 
area of operation so that NATO did not end up extending to the Pacific. 
 He added that, in his view, extending the Alliance to Georgia would 
weaken Article 5.  SecDef stated his preference for NATO to focus its 
efforts in the Euro-Atlantic area, perhaps extending into the 
Mediterranean.  He concurred with Morin that a bigger Alliance posed 
5. (S//NF) Morin told SecDef that the UK MoD had proposed drafting a 
joint French-UK proposal on NATO reform to then present to the U.S. 
Noting that the objective was to overcome blockages from those 
countries that had underwhelming General Staffs, Morin asked whether 
SecDef thought it would be better for Europe to build consensus at home 
and work its own ideas, or for Europe and the United States to develop 
joint proposals.  SecDef replied that he thought it best not to have 
two proposals, but that he would consult with SecState.  He also said 
he hoped that the Senior Officials Group would come up with some 
concrete and viable ideas for reform. 
Missile Defense 
6. (S/NF) Morin, having expressed strong reservations to new U.S. and 
NATO missile defense (MD) plans at the NATO ministerial in Istanbul 
(reftel), said he wanted to explain how France sees MD and raise some 
questions.  First, he believes that the shift from Theater Missile 
Defense (TMD) to defense of populations and territory will give publics 
a false sense of security, since the sword was ultimately stronger than 
the shield.  For France, security came from strong defense and 
deterrence.  Second, Morin asked what threat the system aims to 
counter.  Nuclear states or rogue states?  Third, Morin asked about 
funding and how European countries would participate in command and 
control (C2) decisions.  Morin summarized his own personal opposition 
to MD by asserting that the U.S. and Europe have differing mentalities 
on defense spending.  He said the U.S. has true resiliency with 
PARIS 00000170  002.2 OF 004 
"infinite" means, while in Europe defense spending has collapsed in 
every country but the UK and France.  As a result, any development 
needing common funding will dilute the already weak European defenses. 
Morin concluded by stating that it was folly to assume that MD would 
give us added security. 
7. (S/NF) SecDef refuted Morin's arguments, pointing out that MD 
contributes to deterrence.  SecDef explained to Morin that the system 
was aimed at nations with a handful of nuclear weapons and a limited 
but growing missile capability to launch them.  Noting Iran fits that 
profile, SecDef said that MD provides a good deterrent against limited 
8. (S/NF) SecDef agreed with MoD Morin that the U.S. owed NATO answers 
on C2, costs, and the role of common funding.  He pledged to provide 
more details on these issues, as well as on how ALTBMD and the U.S. 
Phased Adaptive Approach (PAA) fit together.  However, SecDef said it 
was important to move ahead with the MD study that was endorsed at the 
2009 NATO summit, since it would provide some of the answers France was 
seeking.  SecDef reminded Morin that POTUS will want to obtain a 
decision affirming the Alliance role in MD at the Lisbon summit in late 
9. (S/NF) Responding to SecDef's discussion of MD, Morin asked why 
there was a need to shift from theater to population defense.  SecDef 
said the systems the U.S. was deploying have broader applications.  For 
example the THAAD system, which the U.S. had deployed to Hawaii as a 
measure against North Korean threat, protects both the theater and the 
population.  Gates offered the Aegis ship-borne SM-3, which was used to 
shoot down a defunct satellite, as a second example of a system that 
could also have broader applications and deter Iran from holding us 
hostage by threatening missile launches. 
10. (S/NF) Recalling that Russian Prime Minister Putin once told him 
Iran was Russia's greatest threat, SecDef noted that Russia could plug 
into the new system.  SecDef highlighted two Russian objections to the 
former system:  first, the radar in the Czech Republic would have been 
so powerful that it could see into Russia; second, Russia believed that 
the three-stage Ground-Based Interceptor could have been converted 
easily to an offensive weapon.  The SM-3 missiles in the new approach 
can only be defensive in nature, however.  For these reasons, the U.S. 
believed partnering with Russia is once again potentially possible. 
(NOTE:  Following the meetings, Morin's critical comments on Missile 
Defense were disavowed by senior officials at the MoD and the MFA, who 
said that his views were his own and that the U.S. should essentially 
"erase" what he had just said.  END NOTE.) 
11. (S/NF) Shifting from Missile Defense to Iran, SecDef noted that 
Russia is now of a different mind on Iran because of Tehran's 
persistent rejection of international proposals for negotiated 
solutions and its concealment of the Qom facility.  SecDef believed 
Russia would be supportive of a new UNSCR, although it may have 
different views on the severity of sanctions, but he expressed concern 
about China.  SecDef said that Russia could perhaps help on China, but 
that securing the support of other non-permanent Security Council 
members was also an issue.  In this regard, SecDef told Morin he had 
been blunt with Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan, telling him that if 
Iran developed nuclear weapons, we were facing two scenarios:  nuclear 
proliferation in the Middle East or a regional war (or perhaps both). 
12. (S/NF) Morin asked SecDef if he believed Israel had the capability 
to strike Iran without U.S. support.  SecDef responded that he didn't 
know if they would be successful, but that Israel could carry out the 
operation.  SecDef told Morin that he believed a conventional strike by 
any nation would only delay Iranian plans by one to three years, while 
unifying the Iranian people to be forever embittered against the 
13. (S/NF) MoD Morin agreed that China could be problematic on the 
UNSCR and queried SecDef how the U.S. believed we could ensure their 
vote, especially in light of the upcoming Dalai Lama visit and the U.S. 
weapons sale to Taiwan.  SecDef told Morin that because of 
Congressionally mandated rules, the U.S. was required to provide 
defensive weapons for Taiwan.  He observed that every time the U.S. 
makes the sales to Taiwan, the Chinese suspend military-to-military 
relations, but only for the short term. 
14. (S/NF) Morin expressed doubt about the willingness of the Pakistani 
PARIS 00000170  003 OF 004 
government to fight extremists at home.  He noted that Karzai had told 
the French that if the Pakistan-Afghanistan border were closed, it 
would largely solve issues in Afghanistan.  SecDef replied that he had 
told the Pakistani government two weeks earlier that Al Qaeda was 
helping the Pakistan Taliban to destabilize Pakistan.  SecDef 
highlighted the dramatic changes in Pakistan over the past 18 months, 
especially in Swat and Bajaur provinces, which offered some hope of 
progress.  SecDef said that there was increasing coordination between 
U.S. and Pakistani forces across the border. 
15. (S/NF) Turning to Afghanistan, MoD Morin began by stating that 
although he had announced an additional 80 trainers, France had also 
sent a non-official contribution as well.  (NOTE:  Morin was referring 
to a classified deployment of French Special Forces that have a limited 
mission to find two kidnapped French journalists. END NOTE.)  France 
had also sent an additional deployment of engineers to work exclusively 
on the Counter-IED mission.  Morin underscored that France had 
significantly increased its contributions in Afghanistan in the past 18 
months from 2700 troops to nearly 4000. 
16. (S/NF) SecDef said the U.S. understood the domestic situation and 
that he would not have pressed France publicly for more forces until 
after the March elections.  However SecDef requested that France 
strongly consider substantially increasing military and police 
trainers.  SecDef said that while he would publicly praise French 
troops, which U.S. troops consider terrific fighters, he was fine with 
keeping these discussions close hold. 
17. (S/NF) Shifting topics, Morin questioned the decision to 
specifically name mid-2011 as the start of a withdrawal, which Morin 
thought would simply make the Taliban wait it out.  SecDef noted that 
whether to set a date for transition had led to one of the most 
protracted debates in Washington in recent months.  SecDef had come to 
the conclusion, however, that the Afghans needed to be put on notice 
that they would need to take responsibility for their own security.  He 
pointed out that there is no end date for U.S. involvement; July 2011 
is just the beginning of a process.  POTUS was very clear that the 
transition would be conditions-based.  Morin agreed with this and urged 
that clear benchmarks be set that could reassure public opinion. 
SecDef concurred and observed that the U.S. public will not tolerate a 
prolonged stalemate. 
18. (S/NF) SecDef expressed U.S. concerns about the Mistral sale to 
Russia.  He told Morin that because of Sarkozy's involvement in 
brokering a ceasefire in Georgia, which Russia was not fully honoring, 
the sale would send the wrong message to Russia and to our Allies in 
Central and East Europe. 
19. (S/NF) Morin told SecDef pointedly that he had pushed hard for the 
sale.  He conceded that it was indeed a warship for power projection. 
But Morin asked rhetorically how we can tell Russia we desire 
partnership but then not trust them.  Morin told SecDef that he 
understood the U.S. position on considering Central and East European 
Allies' concerns about the perceived threat from Russia.  Morin argued, 
however, that this single ship would not make any difference with 
respect to Russian capabilities, as Russia's naval production ability 
was severely degraded. 
20. (S/NF) SecDef replied that U.S. concerns were not about military 
capacity but about messaging.  Some allies, because of their past 
experiences, are still very concerned with Russia and are not sure how 
much to trust the West.  SecDef observed that Russian democracy has 
disappeared and the government was an oligarchy run by the security 
services.  President Medvedev has a more pragmatic vision for Russia 
than PM Putin, but there has been little real change. 
KC-X Tanker RFP 
21. (S/NF) Morin told SecDef he had one final, but major, topic to 
raise, the U.S. contract tender for a new tanker plane.  He asked that 
the RFP be issued so that competition was equal for both companies and 
there was no bias.  Morin stressed that it was important for our market 
economy to be a two-way street.  He told SecDef that if the terms of 
competition are unequal, EADS would not submit a bid. 
22. (S/NF) SecDef stated his belief that the RFP would be fair.  He 
PARIS 00000170  004 OF 004 
told Morin that the Air Force had established the requirements.  He 
noted that since the previous competition, he had fired both the 
civilian and military leaders of the Air Force and that there was a new 
person in charge of the Pentagon's acquisition policy.  SecDef said 
that it would be disappointing if EADS did not submit a proposal. 
23. (U) SecDef has cleared this cable.  Drafted by OSD Staff. 

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